MDGs in Bulgaria
At the end of 2008 Bulgaria has grounds for optimism in push for MDGs. The country is on track to implement a number of MDGs targets – and possibly exceed some of them. For instance, Bulgaria’s 2015 target for average monthly income is EURO 280 from a 2001 baseline of EURO 91. In 2007, Bulgaria’s average monthly income was already approximately EURO 190. Similarly, long-term unemployment – targeted for 7 per cent by 2015 – fell down to 6 per cent in 2005 and was already 3.9 per cent in June 2007, compared to 9.59 per cent in 2001. While some indicators, such as education and unemployment, are close to EU averages, others are well below.
The second national MDG Report published in September 2008, reviews progress towards the achievement of the MDG targets set in 2003 and re-formulates some of the sub-targets and indicators. The Report is written from the standpoint of a country that is transforming from a beneficiary of foreign aid to a provider of Official Development Assistance.
In the past fifteen years Bulgaria advanced its political, economic and social development as a result of national efforts and support from the international donor community. Together with other developed countries, Bulgaria will as of now contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in poorer countries by helping these countries to address major development issues. Bulgaria’s policy for cooperation with developing countries will adhere to the general principles laid down in the UN Millennium Declaration and the European Consensus on Development adopted in December 2005 as well as the OECD/DAC requirements with regard to ODA quality and quantity. The main development policy objective of the Republic of Bulgaria is eradication of poverty and associated issues, which prevent improvements in the quality of life in developing countries.
The second national MDG Report was prepared with a special focus on what it means for Bulgaria to participate in the achievement of Goal N 8 through providing Official Development Assistance and through participating in the EU Development Policy. UNDP, together with all UN agencies working in Bulgaria offered expertise and assisted its national partners in preparing the second national report on the UN Millennium Goals.